Post-industrial economy. How to earn it?
The economy is the basis for the development of countries, states, businesses and people. It may seem that it is something solid, but in reality it is not. In reality, the economy is heterogeneous, because it consists of sectors. Within the economy, it is customary to allocate 5 sectors: primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary, and quaternary. In the economies of some countries there are all sectors, and in the economies of other countries only a few.
But this is not all, because the economy has levels that are associated with the levels of civilization. Today, on this basis, it is customary to single out 7 levels of the economy: the Neolithic, early class, antique, medieval, early industrial, industrial and post-industrial. In one form or another, the world economy as a whole is represented both by different sectors and by different levels.
In some places, such as in deaf Amazonian tribes, there is still a neolithic economy, and in some places, such as in developed countries, there is already a post-industrial economy. Some countries have a distinct level of economy, and some are in a transitional phase. Hence the difference in the volume of GDP that can be created in an economy.
Why was it necessary to divide the economy into sectors and levels? It was necessary to divide in order to see the opportunities and abilities of the economy of a specific country in the world, as well as business opportunities within the economy of this country. Thanks to this division, it is clear what the economy of a particular country is, at what level it is, which sectors are developed in it, and which are not, and which business is possible in such a country.
As for the sectors, many countries have different sectors in the structure of their economies. But as for the levels, the situation here is very interesting, because there are countries where there is only one level of the economy, but there are also countries in which several levels of the economy coexist simultaneously. Accordingly, businesses representing different sectors coexist simultaneously.
In such countries, some companies work as if they were still in the Neolithic Age, while other companies already understand that a post-industrial economy has arrived and are working at this level. However, the first reason why the economy should be divided into sectors is that at different times the basis, in other words, the locomotive that pulled the world economy as a whole and the economies of different countries were different sectors and levels. This is a very important point.
Today we have 5 sectors and 7 levels of the economy, which means 35 segments of the economy. In each of them, a business can try itself with varying degrees of success. The probability of success increases if the business tries itself in the sector and at the level that exists in the country.
However, the volume of success increases, on the contrary, in the case if you are engaged in business in the framework of a new level that is not yet in the country. For example, if success guarantees are needed, then it is very foolish to offer products of a post-industrial economy within the framework of the Neolithic, because no one will need them, you will have to try very hard to create demand for them. Only neolithic products will be needed.
It is very difficult to create a new level and those sectors that are not there, but at the same time it is very interesting, and maybe very profitable, if lucky. As a rule, the one who creates a business in a certain sector of the new level of the economy becomes a billionaire. There are a lot of examples, starting from John Rockefeller, continuing with Bill Gates and ending with Mark Zuckerberg. All these people stood at the origins of new businesses at new levels of the economy.
The world economy began with a neolithic level and a primary sector. At one time it was the main sector of the global economy; at one time, work in this sector and investment in it were the most profitable and profitable. At that time, this was a progressive economy, but compared to the modern economy, it was a primitive economy. For a long time, mankind lived primitively, which means that its representatives hunted and collected all kinds of plants.
At that time, nature itself was the basis, in other words, everything that exists in nature could be consumed. The technologies were also primitive – the ability to hunt and the ability to collect all sorts of plants. Then various tools were invented that allowed the land to be massively cultivated, and this led to the formation of a new level of economy, which became its basis. It was in this new sector at that time that the main product was produced.
This was followed by the invention of new and new tools and technologies and as a result of transitions to new levels. This is how the industrial level and industry emerged, which became a new basis, because the main product was produced in industry. At the end of the 20th century, technologies began to emerge that allow mass-generation and, most importantly, the introduction of new ideas, which led to the formation of a new economic basis and a new level of economy called post-industrial economy.